European Postwar Orders, 1919-1991. European and American Perspectives
This course explores the history of attempts to create a more durable and legitimate international order for 20th-century Europe – both after the two world wars and after the cold war. Placing them in a global context, and introducing classic and new perspectives of historical research, it focuses on different European and American contributions to these processes. It thus re-appraises the transformation of the European order from the competitive great-power system of the era of World War I to the divided “peace system” of the cold war and, eventually, aspirations for a united Europe after 1989 that have been so profoundly challenged in recent years.
Comparing and contrasting European and American perspectives on this transformation process, the course not only focuses on the fundamental changes in policies, ideas and ideologies that informed approaches to peace and the international politics between states; it also highlights transnational forces and non-governmental influences that had a formative impact on the remaking of Europe.
Core themes include: the changing international, domestic and transnational conditions of peacemaking and legitimate order in Europe; European international systems from the European Concert to the European Union; the pivotal role of the United States; confluent and competitive European and American ideas, ideologies and approaches to security, political reform, economic and financial order; competing ideas and ideologies of nationalism and internationalism; and changes in the prevalent norms and rules that were supposed to govern European international relations. Here the focus will be on “western” yet also competing communist rules and norms of collective security, self-determination, human rights and supranational integration.
The course assessment will be based on two components:
1) active participation in class discussions (75%);
2) short presentation (15 minutes) on one of the course’s topics or central questions (25%).
Please note: Because this is a compact class participants are requested to do the readings for the first meeting before the beginning of the course.